The United Nations Environment (UNEP) Emissions Gap Report 2016 provides an authoritative assessment of the extent to which the current and planned national emissions reductions, as specified in the submitted Intended Nationally Determined Contributions, will contribute towards the Paris Agreement goals. It does so by providing an estimate of the additional reductions – the Gap - required by 2030 to be on a least-cost path that is likely to ensure the global temperature goals.
The assessment focuses on the 2 °C goal, as well as on the implications for limiting the temperature increase to 1.5 °C.
The new key features and results of the 2016 report are:
- The assessment is based on Intended Nationally Determined Contributions submitted by almost all countries in the world, and a large number of studies supporting robustness of the estimates.
- The key quantitative results stay within the ranges presented in the 2015 assessment.
- The results underpin the urgency of immediate and strong ac on, and the need to build on the momentum of the entry into force of the Paris Agreement. Since the results are not likely to change in the next two years, enhanced ac on need not wait for the facilitative dialogue in 2018.
- The report identifies where solutions are available to deliver low-cost emission reductions at scale, including three major areas of ac on: contributions by non-state actors, energy efficiency acceleration, and synergies with achievement of the sustainable development goals.
The report has been prepared by an international team of leading scientists who assessed all available information, including those reviewed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in its h assessment report, as well as more recent scientific literature. The assessment production process has been transparent and participatory, and governments of the countries with specific men on in the report have been invited to comment on the assessment findings before finalisation.
Source: UNEP (2016). The Emissions Gap Report 2016. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Nairobi